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29 William Mitchell Law Review 747 (2003)


This Essay focuses on the Pledge of Allegiance requirement and its place in public schools. It begins with an analysis of a typical, but certainly not isolated, approach of the Minnesota Legislature, following September 11, in passing a bill that required recitation of the Pledge. This Essay then moves to a discussion of the events surrounding the 1943 United States Supreme Court decision in West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette and how Barnette has subsequently been interpreted. Finally, this Essay discusses the probable impact of the Minnesota Constitution on the Pledge Bill, should it pass in this legislative session.