Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Information

39 Family Law Quarterly 633 (Fall 2005)


Prebirth parentage orders are often sought by parties to surrogacy agreements to formalize the intent of the parties to the agreement before the child is born. Such orders declare the intended parents to be the legal parents of the child. This article discusses the benefits of such orders, as well as the difficulties in obtaining them. The availability and efficacy of prebirth parentage orders depends on many factors including the type of surrogacy arrangement, the state law that governs the proceeding, and whether the parties are in unanimous agreement. This article analyzes the various factors which impact whether obtaining a prebirth parentage order is possible and whether such an order is enforceable in several representative jurisdictions in the United States.


This article is co-authored by Steven H. Snyder.

Included in

Family Law Commons